The Indian automotive sector is consistently growing over the past few years and India has become one of the largest automobile markets in the world. Recent advancements in the technologies like artificial intelligence, machine learning, computer vision, deep learning, human computer interaction, sensor fusion, navigation, etc. are accelerating the autonomous vehicles developments. Automobiles continue to deploy sophisticated sensors, controls, and software to become more autonomous and inherently safer for occupants and vulnerable road users. On the other hand, the development of IC engines was driven by stringent regulatory norms of the country. Regulatory bodies expect automotive manufacturers to design fuel efficient vehicles that pollute less without compromising the vehicle cost and performance. Need for higher fuel efficiency and reduced emission has driven the auto industry to focus on weight reduction using novel plastic and composite materials. The material industries, plastic and polymer composite industry are operating to respond to the changing automotive industry needs.