Skill Development for Youth: CSRD&RS periodically organizesvarious projects and training programmesaimed at creating employment / self-employment opportunities for the rural youth.Some of the prominent areas of training are: Turning, Fitting, Welding, Painting, Carpentry, CNC Programme, Rural BPO, AC / Fridge Maintenance, Garments, Fashion Designing, Screen Printing, Motor Rewinding, Digital Photography and Videography, Mushroom Cultivation and Beautician. The Centre ensures the employment /self-employment of the beneficiaries throughfollow-up activities.
(PMEGP, UYEGP, NEEDS)
|S.No||Name of the Trades||Total Trainees|
|2||Computer based training||550|
|3||Household/Domestic Appliances training||50|
|4||Eco Friendly Products Training||70|
|7||Agri Based Training||270|
Y-spark is an innovative project, the first of its kind in Tamil Nadu, under the Public Private Partnership (PPP)model. It envisages the development of SHGs in Vellore District to sustainable micro enterprises by providing guidance, technical and handholding support through capacity building, product identification, technology transfer, product designing, product development, creation ofmarketing linkages and use of Information Communication technology (ICT)for empowerment. There is a gulf between knowledge, asset-creation, micro-enterprises and SHG members.The project will be scaled to the rest of the areas based on its success in Vellore District..
A one-day exposure visit was organizedfor the members of theSelf Help Group (SHG) from Mittalam Panchayat. The visitwas sponsored by NABARD Vellore.NABARD has adopted MittalamPanchayat for village development activities in association with Integrated Women Health Education and Development Society (IWHEDS), Pernambut. The team visited the TirupatturThenkooduSangam, who are the pioneers in producing value added coir products in Vellore district. The SHG members were exposed to the traditional uses of the resilient and durable coir fibre, which include products such asrope and twine, brooms and brushes, doormats, rugs, mattresses and other upholstery, often in the form of rubberized coir pads. An expanding market for coir-based erosion control products and the spread of coir pith as a peat moss substitute in horticulture have further pushed up global production and prices. The SHG members were encouraged to involve in the preparation of coir value added products.
The Centre for Sustainable Rural Development and Research Studies of VIT has four Village Resource Centers in Jamunamarathu, Brahmmapuram, and one Village Knowledge centre in Kothakupam. The Village Resource Centre (VRC) and the Village Knowledge Centre are using modern technologies along with traditional methods to provide necessary information and knowledge to rural communities. VRC’s work involves activities that are performed in the centre as well as activities that would require field visits. Each VRC has to plan well and prepare an activity calendar so that the staff time is well managed and the activities such as need assessment, training programmes and awareness creation are carried out efficiently.
The National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) has launched a Joint Liability Group (JLG) scheme to provide access to institutional credit for small, marginal, tenant farmers, oral leases and share croppers. JLG is an informal group comprising of 4 to 10 individuals who wish to avail of bank loan on individual basis through group mechanism against mutual guarantee. The Jawadhu Hills Block, a revenue block in Tiruvannamalai District,consists of 11 Panchayat Villages. In order to develop sustainable agricultural practice among the tribal farmers, 56 Joint Liability Groups were created in Jawadhu Hills. Each Joint Liability Group (JLG) comprising of 7-10 individuals from the same locality opened a bank account in Indian Bank, Jamunamarathur, Jawadhu Hills. All the members of a JLG are engaged in agriculture and allied activities. Meetings are organized once a month,and issues related to farm practices are discussed.Resource persons from the areas of agriculture, horticulture, sericulture and organic farming are invited to train the farmers.
The ISRO – Village Resource Centre (VRC) setup in Jamunamarathur helps the JLG obtain market information for training and technology dissemination in activities like soil testing, training and assessing input requirements.
JLG is supported by Indian Bank, Jamunamarathur for Credit Linkage of Direct and Subsidy Loans. So far 56 JLGs have benefited.Till date, aCredit Linked amount of Rs. 26,50,000 has been sanctioned for the JLGs which has been repaid. Subsidy Loan of Rs. 1,26,00,000has been sanctioned for sheep rearing.
There is an urgent need to provide transfer of technology, improve input using efficiency, promote investments in agriculture- in private and in public sectors and create a favourable and enabling economic environment. The pressing needs in agriculture sector are: adoption of location specific skill and use of knowledge based technologies, promotion of greater value addition to agriculture produce, forging new partnerships between public institutions, technology users and the corporate sector, harnessing the power of IT to realize financial sustainability and competing in the international market. The club works towards transferring the latest agricultural techniques to the farmers’ field, orienting them to establish better relationship with banks, training farmers to adopt latest post-harvest handling technology, creation of value addition, etc. and to reap the benefits of collective bargaining power for procuring inputs and selecting their produce. The Farmers’ Club Programme is an appropriate and suitable strategy initiated by NABARD. So far, the Village Resource Centre has formed 12 farmers’ clubs and linked them with Indian Bank, Jamunamarathur for the benefit of tribal farmers.
The aim of SSR is to promote integration of curriculum with the needs of the society and to inculcate a sense of social responsibility in students. This would help students establish contact with their immediate environment or create links between educational institutes and the community at large. Students are made to work for a specified number of hours under such clubs. An annual planner giving details of various activities to be organised will be prepared by each society well in advance.
PURA is the dream programme initiated by His Excellency Dr.A.P.J.Abdul Kalam, the Ex-President of India for Provision of Urban Amenities in Rural Areas. According to him, one of the most important components of national development is PURA. Providing Urban Amenities in Rural Areas will eliminate the rural-urban divide. This model can be followed by other nations as well.
The Mission of PURA:
The number of PURA units for the whole country is estimated to be 7000. This envisages integrated connectivity for ensuring prosperity in rural India. This includes physical connectivity of village clusters through quality roads and efficient transport, electronic connectivity through telecommunication with high bandwidth fiber optic cables in rural areas and through Internet kiosks, and knowledge connectivity through education, vocational training for farmers, artisans and craftsmen and conduct of entrepreneurship programmes. These three aspects of connectivity will lead to economic connectivity through the establishment of enterprises with the help of banks, micro credit agencies and marketing of the products. Each PURA cluster will connect about 20-30 villages depending upon the region and population, and will cost about Rs.100 crores. This is a viable and sustainable business proposition. Following the initial short-term employment opportunities arising from construction, etc, plans for providing regular employment and self-employment opportunities for about 3000 people or more in nationally competitive small enterprises, in agro processing, manufacturing and services sectors will be made. If the industrial/business parks are marketed well, they can generate employment opportunities in support and services sector for about 10,000 people or more. This will provide sustainable economy in the rural sector leading to the removal of urban-rural divide. It will also help ease out the growing slums in cities by converting rural areas into attractive habitats.
New Entrepreneur-cum-Enterprises Development Scheme (NEEDS)
NEEDS is a flagship program of the former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, Dr. J.Jayalalitha to handhold the first generation entrepreneurs. This program will enable the youth to become job creators rather than job seekers.
VIT has embarked on the task of making Vellore – a city of around 5, 00,000 people – greener and cooler by planting more than a million saplings under its “Green Vellore” project. In the year 2012, during the second phase of ‘Green Vellore’ project, it was not just saplings that were planted but well grown trees were also replanted in Vellore town. 60, six-year-old Gulmohar trees uprooted from the VIT campus were transported through trucks and planted using a crane over a stretch of 3 km from Hotel Riverview to Hotel Khanna. This was the first time in the history of India that well-grown trees were replanted. There have been occasions where trees have been relocated from one place to other for various reasons but not for an exclusive programme. Around 3,000 saplings were planted from Virudhampet to Brahmapuram during the first phase of project, which was launched by Dr. M.S Swaminathan in August 2008. The project would be continued until Vellore turns lush green. The aim of the project is to develop tourism potential in Vellore apart from cooling the city.
The Palar river is the main water source for the people of Vellore, but it is being polluted as a result of the sewage water let into it and due to unwanted vegetation on the river bed. A Movement has been formed with all the clubs, NGOs and Associations of Vellore district to restore the river to its original state.